Punjab

Punjab

 
Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the smallest and the most prosperous states of India. The five rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum gave it its name 'punj-ab' or the 'land of five waters'. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoys the natural benefits of fertile soils and abundant waters.











 
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Major Tourist Destnations in Punjab:
Amritsar Chandigarh Patiala
Jalandhar Ludhiana Kapurthala
Roopnagar Gurdaspur Hoshiarpur
Bathida Faridkot Fatehgarh Sahib
Ferozpur Moga Muktsar
Sangrur Sirhind Ropar
Pathankot Nangal  

Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the smallest and the most prosperous states of India. The five rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum gave it its name 'punj-ab' or the 'land of five waters'. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoys the natural benefits of fertile soils and abundant waters.

The Punjabi language has its origins in the Indo-European family of languages, which also included Persian and Latin. A land of ethnic and religious diversity, it is the birthplace of Sikhism.

Enterprise and endeavor, these two words symbolize the essential spirit of the people of Punjab. Since Independence, over 5 decades, the state has earned its epithet: "Granary of India" through the enterprising spirit, and untiring toil of its people. Its average growth rate of 10% is amongst the highest in the country, clearly reflecting the progressive economy of the state. Punjab also boasts a 58% literacy rate and the highest per capita income in India.

Since the recent liberalization of India's economy, Punjab has started making its mark on the global business mainstream, with major players from around the world forming joint ventures in the field of agriculture business.

Privileged by nature and the dynamism of its people, Punjab is a land of rivers, fertile soils and steady achievement. With its inimitable style of transforming every potential opportunity into a success story, the state was the first to translate agricultural technology into the "green revolution", recording highest growth rate in food production. From a minor producer it emerged a major rice surplus state. Providing the impetus for the "White revolution", during Operation Flood, it was Punjab that recorded the highest per capita availability of milk.

General Information

Area: 50362 square kilometers (1.54 % of the country's total geographical area.)
Location: Punjab is situated in the northwest of India; it is bordered by Pakistan on the west, the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan to its south.
Geographical Co-ordinates
Latitude: 29'30'' N to 32'32'' N
Longitude: 73'55" E to 76'50" E
Population: 24.29 million
Density: 482 per sq. km.
Literacy: 69.95%
Capital: Chandigarh
Languages: Punjabi and Hindi.Many people are fluent in English and Urdu
Climate:
Average Annual Temperature:
January: 13 C (55 F), might drop to sub zero temperatures at nights
June: 34 C (93 F), might rise to 45 C (113 F) occasionally
Average Annual Rainfall:
Annual Mean Rainfall : 462.8 mm (2001)
Over 70% of annual rainfall occurs during the monsoon season i.e. from July to September.
Best Time To Visit: October To March

Access

Access: Punjab is easy to reach by road, rail or air. From Delhi, Chandigarh, the state capital is 246 km and Amritsar, the northernmost city of the state is 446 Kms.

By road: All districts and sub-divisional towns have direct bus services to the state capital, Chandigarh. All villages have bus services linking them with the sub-division and district headquarters towns. In addition, there are excellent deluxe bus services between New Delhi and Patiala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar and Chandigarh. Air conditioned luxury buses ply at almost hourly intervals between New Delhi and Chandigarh. Taxi services between various towns and Chandigarh and to New Delhi are dependable and comfortable.

By Rail: Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Ferozepur and Jalandhar are on the main line and have excellent daily train services to New Delhi including convenient overnight trains. Super fast Shatabdi Express trains connect Delhi to Chandigarh (a comfortable three-hour trip) and Delhi to Amritsar via Ludhiana (equally comfortable and just a little less than six hours). The Shan-e-Punjab train links Amritsar and New Delhi, the Himalayan Queen links Chandigarh and New Delhi and there are numerous trains from Jammu / Amritsar, linking these towns as well as Ludhiana and Jalandhar with New Delhi

By Air: The state capital, Chandigarh has excellent air service, linking with New Delhi, Srinagar, Kullu and Shimla etc. Ludhiana and Amritsar also have daily air services to New Delhi. Amritsar airport is an international airport. By air, from Delhi one can reach any city in Punjab within two hours.

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